2 . Some studies have supported it's application to speech movements, others have not. How the movement is performed during training, within a structured session. In particular, most investigations have focused on the use of the PML for the treatment of acquired apraxia of speech (AOS). Principles of Motor Learning External task-relevant focus has a strong demonstrated learning advantage over an internal focus in non-speech motor domain – produces greater retention/transfer. The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of a novel behavioral speech treatment that incorporates principles of motor learning and its impact on communication characteristics of an individual with spastic dysarthria secondary to a traumatic brain injury (TBI). These principles were derived from studies that involved nonspeech motor tasks , most with intact motor systems. Background: It is well documented in limb motor research that providing the optimal practice and feedback conditions can have positive outcomes for the learning of new movements. Purpose: There has been renewed interest on the part of speech-language pathologists to understand how the motor system learns and determine whether principles of motor learning, derived from studies of nonspeech motor skills, apply to treatment of motor speech disorders. Evaluation of principles of motor learning in speech and non-speech-motor learning tasks Ramesh Kaipa A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy University of Canterbury November 2012 . PURPOSE There has been renewed interest on the part of speech-language pathologists to understand how the motor system learns and determine whether principles of motor learning, derived from studies of nonspeech motor skills, apply to treatment of motor speech disorders. Speech motor goals are integrated in goals for language and functional communication. Several principles of [speech] motor leaning (PML) have been derived from non-speech motor learning literature. According to these principles, acquisition refers to motor performance during • Schema Theory – A prominent theory of motor control and learning. Exner and Henderson (1995) provide an overview of motor learning relative to hand skills in children. Childhood Apraxia & Speech Therapy Centre provides comprehensive intervention specific to motor speech disorders including Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS). We use up-to-date, evidenced-based methods including the Principles of Motor Learning theory to treat motor speech, suspected CAS and CAS, which is the primary passion of our Centre. The potential application of these principles to speech motor learning is then discussed by reviewing relevant literature on treatment of speech disorders. Collectively these practice and feedback conditions are known as the principles of motor learning(PML), and they have recently been applied to the rehabilitation of motor speech disorders … acquisition of a skill versus learning of a skill (Maas et al., 2008; Schmidt & Lee, 2011). Train the skills you want to improve. The program was set up to complete 1 hour sessions 4x/week for 4 weeks. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 17, 277–298. Principles of motor learning in treatment of motor speech disorders. These articles also explore how biofeedback methods and other intervention modifications can adapt the principles of motor learning to increase efficacy of articulation intervention. In-treatment performance may be the focus in the beginning, but it should shift to learning as quickly as possible. 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